William Addington Sr
and Margaret Cromwell
William Addington Sr b about 1750 London, England d 9 Feb 1805 Williamsburg, James City Co VA; m. 1774 Culpepper Co VA to Margaret Cromwell b Facquier Co VA; buried Moore Cemetery, Scott Co VA; d/o William Lewis Cromwell and Chloe Kelly.
Children of William Addington Sr and Margaret Cromwell;
1. Charles Cromwell Addington b 10 Oct 1777 Culpepper Co VA d 18 Jan 1882 Copper Ridge, Scott Co VA m. 2 Jan 1802 Russell Co VA to Ann Doty (aka Doaty) b 1784 d 1828. Charles Cromwell m. 15 Mar 1840 Scott Co VA to Sarah Butcher b 1810 d 1868; d/o Jacob Butcher and Hannah Beverly. Charles Cromwell m. 4 Jan 1869 Scott Co VA to Susan Moore.
2. William Addington, Jr b 9 Sept 1783 Caswell Co NC; m. Sarah "Sally" Stallard b 1790 Scott Co VA; d/o Samuel Stallard and Jael Duncan.
3. Martha Addington b 1787 Washington Co VA
4. Elizabeth Addington b 1789 Washington Co VA
5. Margaret "Peggy" Addington b 28 FEB 1797 Russell Co VA; m. 19 Dec 1823 Scott Co VA to Peter Stallard b 18 May 1797 d 22 Mar 1880 Scott Co VA; s/o Rawley Duncan Stallard (aka Raleigh) and Mary Elizabeth Hutchinson. Margaret "Peggy" Addington m. about 1813 to Tandy Welch b about 1793 Scott Co VA.
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In 1906, John L Addington, Sr., the son of Charles Cromwell Addington and
grandson of William, published a pamphlet entitled: GENEALOGY OF THE ADDINGTONS,
Saratoga Printing Company:
My Grandfather, William Addington, was born in London, England about 1750. He
lived with his parents, in the city, until he was about twenty years old. His
parents were very wealthy, and kept him in school from the time he was old
enough, and, consequently, he had a fine education. There were, about this time,
a large number of emigrants from England to the colonies in North America. His
desire being to come to America. His parents tried to persuade him from coming,
but seeing their persuasion proved futile, they furnished him with ample means
for his passport and to supply him for a good while after leaving port. He
traveled a great deal and finally located in Culpepper County VA where he was
married to Margaret Cromwell, about the year 1774, a short time before the war
between Great Britain and the Colonies.
When war was declared, William volunteered and joined the Army. He served under
General George Washington and was appointed Commissary, which position he held
during the service. He was present at the surrender of Lord Cornwallis at
Yorktown, October 19, 1781. Soon after the war, William moved to Eastern North
Carolina with his little family, remaining a short time. Hearing of a country in
Southwest Virginia, called Clinch River, where land was good, range fine and
game plenty; bear, deer and wild turkeys in abundance; with these inducements,
William and twelve other families came to Southwest Virginia. They made their
exodus in the summer of 1785, bringing their horses and cattle with them and
located in Russell County VA, North of the mountain in the valley near Hayter's
Sometime between the surrender of the British Army at Yorktown and September 9,
1783, William and Margaret move to Caswell County NC, where a son was born. Here
they remained until early 1785 when moved to the Hayter's Gap section of
Washington County, VA. They settled in an area today known as Addington Cove,
where a small stream known as Addington Branch has its headwaters. This area
still echoes the memory of their early settlement.
It is possible that around 1799, William begins to slip into the mental
condition which will plague him for the rest of his life. On November 4, 1799
William withdraws his entry of 100 acres made on July 26, 1792 and reenters his
100 acres on the top of War Gap Ridge, near Jacob Crabtree. It is probable that
this move was done to be nearer to Margaret's brother Charles Cromwell, who was
also a resident of the War Gap Ridge Section, having moved there prior to 1785.
The 1802 Russell County Tax List is the last time William Addington is mentioned
in any of the Russell County Records. On July 12, 1802, William was admitted to
the Lunatic Hospital in Williamsburg VA. William appears on a list of patients
at the Hospital from 1800 to 1815. He was being treated for melancholy, today
more commonly known as depression.
When William died on February 9, 1805, the hospital had two carpenters construct
a coffin for him. He was buried on the ground of the Hospital. There now stands
a memorial to all that were buried there. The site is now the National Center
for State Courts.